mmWave/5G RFID Systems for Long-Range Wireless Sensing and Remote Localization Applications

Genaro Soto-Valle, Charles A. Lynch III, Manos M. Tentzeris

I. Introduction

In recent years, the tremendous growth in the demand for consumer electronics combined with the advances in the area of millimeter-waves (mmWave) has enabled great improvement in the field of Internet of Things (IoT), which is consequently paving the way for our societies to make the idea of Smart Cities possible. Some applications that lie under the ‘Smart Cities’ scope include structural health monitoring, ubiquitous biochemical and health monitoring, positioning and localization applications, as well as low-cost energy harvesting devices. In addition, the realm of virtual reality (VR) has also drawn tremendous attention among regular consumers, increasing the need for improving our current technologies related to digital twins in order to map physical objects into the digital world.

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